The concept of consciousness remains one of the most intriguing philosophical questions. It seeks to ask who we are, what are we and do we really know what we know or is all an illusion?
During our youths, we rarely seek out this question relating to personal identity. We accept things the way they are. If I kick a ball and the ball flies, then indeed the ball flies because of my kick. If eating ice-cream makes me happy, then indeed I am happy.
As we grow older, we perhaps become wiser and begin to seek out our personal identity or our place in society. We become more astute in the way we interact with others, learning what conforms to social norms and what does not.
The philosophy of consciousness presents these questions – how do I know that my experience of the world is the same as your experience of the world?
Is my conscious reality a true and existential thing or how do we know we are not a bunch of computer simulations living in a sim city?
Is my taste of chocolate the same as your taste of chocolate? Is my yellow of the sunflower the same as your yellow?
Because we only exist within our physical bodies and intellect, we cannot really be sure if we truly share similar experiences of the world.
There are 3 states of consciousness that we can observe in nature
Living beings that respond to external stimuli (like plants and trees that grow towards air, light and water.
Living things which have an intellect to manipulate and respond to its environment. (Animals)
Living things that have an intellect to manipulate and respond to its environment and to be aware of his own consciousness. (Man)
… and it ends abruptly here
because we know everything and nothing of what we know.